Updated: Sep 25, 2020
Yes, it has been quite a while since electric cars have come to India. Top brands like the Tata, Mahindra, Hyundai, MG, have brought up their electric vehicles (EV's) to India. Mahindra was the first company to bring in an electric car, the e2o into the Indian market. It was a compact car with a 3 phase induction motor with a battery of 11 to 16 kWh lithium-ion and it gave a 120 km range, as claimed by the company.
The e2o was later discontinued in mid-2019 due to it's poor sales. It was clearly not a congenial and plush car. As of early 2015-16, there were no proper charging stations available and the home charging plugs were very sluggish to charge, hence Mahindra had to reduce its battery capacity to ease out on the charging time, which didn’t play well, as smaller the battery smaller the range. Later came the Tata Nexon EV, Hyundai’s Kona, and MG’s ZS EV. Proper electric cars which looked exemplary and were as spacious and comfortable as the petrol & diesel cars.
The Nexon EV came with a 30.2 kWh 320 V lithium polymer battery that could range up to 312 km and the Kona having 39.2 KWh 327v lithium polymer battery that could range up to 452 km. Your one night charge for about 8 to 9 hours would last you for more than a week if you are city driver. All these cars are capable of 120-140 kmph speeds. All these EV's are made possible due to the charging technology given by the companies to its consumers as standard. Also, these companies do offer you fast charging boxes and what not to make you charging quick time-saving and efficient. Even at home, with a 15A charger or a level 2 charger, it would be fast enough to fully charge your car in 9 hours considering its battery capacity. Home charging kit with fast charging, is capable to charge your car in 60 mins for up to 80%.
Now, setting up such plants all across our the country is quite a substantial task as we have to bear in mind that these EVs need DC supply to charge their batteries as these batteries are only capable to store DC current in them. Making them city to city compatible is a good start but the companies have to think in the near future that consumers also purchase cars for long rides, say nearly a 500 plus km ride. These cars are purely capable of doing those distances, the main conundrum is that, when and where the drivers will charge their vehicles in the middle of the highway?
Speaking of tesla, the American super power brand of electric cars has built its strong base in the American market. Elon musk, the founder of Tesla was confused about its
production in India since 2016, as the import duties for India are pretty much high. Tesla is now in talks with the Karnataka government to setup a R&D (Research and Development) plant in Karnataka, in order to ease on import duties. An R&D plant will ensure what materials can be produced locally so that the company can come up with an affordable product cost. It is made sure that tesla will come to India as seeing the Automobile market of India any automobile manufacture would want to start there units in India. It's all about making cars more affordable, reliable and trendy as it is the only key to sell more units.
We know that Tesla will not be able to launch all their cars and features in India by taking a quick glance at the road and connectivity conditions in India, but a start would be a great play for the company. The EV market in India is just about to rise in the near future considering the prices of petrol and diesel, to which sky's the only limit. We are also not self sufficient to produce enough fuel to suffices our needs. We have abundant solar, wind and water energies to produce the electricity. Considering the number of consumers who would like to shift to electric cars and would want their cars as reliable as there previous fuel injected cars, the government should look forward to build as many facilities as possible. By going electric we can stop the emissions released from the fuel based engines which are leading to deadly lung diseases killing 10,000's a day and can succeed in stopping air pollution.